Although I really enjoy the concept of bindings implemented in ICanBoogie, I recognize it can be challenging when your application has thousands of dependencies. Also, as I'm implementing a message bus for ICanBoogie, I recognize the value of a dependency injection container to instantiate all the lovely message handlers, and because I really like Symfony's Dependency Injection component, I decided to use it for this first implementation, trying to create something as transparent and flexible as possible.

## References

ICanBoogie favors functional programming to interfaces in many places, and uses callables for a lot of things such as controllers, event hooks, prototype methods, operations, proxy… Thus, I had the idea to create service references as callables, as they would be used without requiring any code change. They are very simple things really, they obtain the service they reference through a service provider, pass the arguments, and return the result.

The following example demonstrates how to reference a service, and invoke it with some parameters.

<?php

use function ICanBoogie\Service\ref;

$reference = ref('hello'); echo$reference("Olivier");
// Hello Olivier!

Of course, non-callable services can also be referenced, in which case the method resolve() is used to obtain the service:

<?php

use function ICanBoogie\Service\ref;

$reference = ref('my_non_callable_service');$service = $reference->resolve();$service->do_something();

# The reference forwards calls to the service, but that's a secret
$reference->do_something(); ## The service provider The service provider is created during the application boot event, and acts as a proxy for the dependency injection container, which is only created when a reference needs to be resolved, or when the container is explicitly required through $app->container or ServiceProvider::defined()->container.

### Obtaining services bound to the application

Usually, ICanBoogie's components add getters to the ICanBoogie\Application instance through the prototype system, which means the initial request is accessed with $app->initial_request, and the session with $app->session. In order to have these available to the container, an extension automatically add definitions for them. Now the session can also be obtained with ref('session')->resolve().

## Defining services

Services are defined using services.yml files in config folders. They are collected when it's time to create the container, just like regular configuration files.

The following example is a sample of the services defined for my blog. You'll notice the renderer service, which is actually bound to the ICanBoogie\Application instance:

services:

# Event

event_hook.on_rescue_exception:
class: App\Application\Handler\RescueExceptionHandler
arguments:
- "@renderer"

# Controller

controller.page:
class: App\Presentation\Controller\PageController

## tl;dr

Services can be defined using Symfony's Dependency Injection component and only super sexy services are bound to the ICanBoogie\Application instance.

You can check icanboogie/service and icanboogie/bind-symfony-dependency-injection packages for more information on this amazing and exciting new feature.